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Virtual Pediatric Hospital: Paediapaedia: Hydrocephaleus Paediapaedia: Neurological Diseases

Hydrocephaleus

Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


Clinical Presentation:
Enlarged head.

Etiology/Pathophysiology:
Due to obstruction to the normal flow of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF), faulty absorption of CSF, or excessive CSF production. The normal intracranial CSF pathway extends from the temporal horns of the lateral ventricles to the arachnoid granulations over the surface of the brain. The most common cause of hydrocephalus in neonate is aqueductal stenosis.

Pathology:
Not applicable

Imaging Findings:
Dilation of part of or the entire ventricular system.

DDX:
Noncommunicating hydrocephalus (intraventricular)

Communicating (extraventricular) hydrocephalus

References:
See References Chapter.

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