Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
Caused by rupture of air at the root of the lung or from rupture of subpleural blebs due to increased over inflation of the lung from the ventilator. Air in the pleural space can lead to acute compromise of pulmonary ventilation and vascular perfusion (air block) which can lead rapidly to profound respiratory distress and vascular collapse. A tension pneumothorax is immediately life threatening, and must be treated immediately.
Flattening or inversion of the ipsilateral hemidiaphragm, shift of the mediastinal structures into the contralateral hemithorax by the large amount of air in the pleural space, compression atelectasis of the contralateral lung due to the mediastinal shift.
See References Chapter.
Section Top | Title Page
Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.
All contents copyright © 1992-2013 Donna M. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. and the authors. All rights reserved.
"Virtual Pediatric Hospital", the Virtual Pediatric Hospital logo, and "A digital library of pediatric information" are all Trademarks of Donna M. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Virtual Pediatric Hospital is funded in whole by Donna M. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.
Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.
The information contained in Virtual Pediatric Hospital is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.
This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: