Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
Site of disease is the glomerulus. Over time you progressively see glomerular sclerosis, renal fibrosis, atrophy and kidney failure. The causes of nephrosis are: (1) idiopathic - most common, (2) primary renal disease - glomerulonephritis, renal vein thrombosis, (3) systemic disease - systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus, amyloidosis, and (4) infantile - microcystic disease of the kidney.
Acutely see bilateral nephromegaly with thinning of the calyces and infundibulum due to the nephromegaly with the renal function being normal. Later on ultrasound you will see small, shrunken, echogenic kidneys.
Bilateral shrunken kidneys
See References Chapter.
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