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Virtual Pediatric Hospital: Paediapaedia: Normal Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) (Excretory Urogram) Paediapaedia: Genitourinary Diseases

Normal Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) (Excretory Urogram)

Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

Clinical Presentation:
Not applicable.

Not applicable

Not applicable

Imaging Findings:
Indications: used to define the morphologic and functional characteristics of the urinary tract through the use of IV contrast material. Specific indications for use include the investigation of an abdominal mass, urinary tract infection, abdominal trauma, hypertension, hematuria, anorectal malformation, hemihypertrophy, aniridia, Prune Belly syndrome, myelodysplasia, and congenital ascites.

The left kidney is normally higher than the right kidney. Their axis parallels the psoas margins. In children greater than 18 months old the kidney length is equal to the length of the first four lumbar vertebra, while in younger children the kidney size may be 5 or 6 vertebral bodies in length.

Normal variants include fetal lobulations, and aberrant papillae.


See References Chapter.

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