Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
Causes include drowning, acute glomerulonephritis, fluid overload, aspiration, inhalation injury, neurogenic pulmonary edema, allergic reaction, and adult respiratory distress syndrome. It is due to injury of the alveolar septa, increased permeability of the pulmonary vascular endothelium, pulmonary microvascular platelet aggregation, and finally intraalveolar edema. In drowning, the extent and severity of the edema depends on the amount of water aspirated and the degree of hypoxia. Whether the water is fresh or salt makes no difference on the pulmonary findings.
One of three patterns is seen: a normal chest, bilateral perihilar pulmonary edema, or generalized pulmonary edema.
See References Chapter.
Section Top | Title Page
Follow us on Twitter @pedseducation and @pedsimaging
Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.
All contents copyright © 1992-2015 Donna M. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. and the authors. All rights reserved.
"Virtual Pediatric Hospital", the Virtual Pediatric Hospital logo, and "A digital library of pediatric information" are all Trademarks of Donna M. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Virtual Pediatric Hospital is funded in whole by Donna M. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.
Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.
The information contained in Virtual Pediatric Hospital is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.