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Virtual Pediatric Hospital: ElectricAirway: Upper Airway Problems in Children: Table of Characteristics of the Croup Syndromes ElectricAirway: Upper Airway Problems in Children

Table of Characteristics of the Croup Syndromes

Donna M. Santer, M.D., Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed by Lauren D Holinger, MD, Robert J. Winter, MD and the AMA


Characteristic

Viral Croup

Spasmotic Croup

Acute Infectious Laryngitis

Age

3mo.-5 years

1-3 years

All ages

Organism

Parainfluenza

type 1

Viral

Allergic

Influenza

Incidence

Common

Common

Common

Clinical
Presentation

Gradual onset
Mild URI
Barky cough
Low fever

Abrupt onset
at night
No URI
No fever

Gradual onset
Hoarseness
Cough

Physical Exam

Inspiratory
stridor

Inspiratory
stridor

Erythematous
pharynx

Treatment

Humidification
Racemic
epinephrine

Humidification

Humidification
Rest Voice

Title Page


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